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Saturday September 23, 2017

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How to Apply

canadian

This section will provide an overview for those wishing to immigrate to Canada. The information below explains the steps, eligibility, procedure, preparation and programs you must consider before beginning your application.

STEPS

  • Determine your eligibility
  • Apply
  • Prepare

ELIGIBILITY

questionnaire to help you determine if you qualify for any of these programs. Questions will be about your nationality, age, language ability, family members, education, work experience, income/net  The first step of applying for permanent residency is determining your eligibility. It is important to know what program works best for your family when planning to visit, study or live in Canada.

The Canadian government provides a brief orth and any job offers. You will be asked questions pertaining to the reason you wish to enter the country (work, study, live), the length of your stay, your country of residence, any family already living in Canada, date of birth, etc.

After fully completing the questionnaire, you will be able to see if they are any immigration options available to you. Each program has different requirements. Selecting the apply button for a program will give you a outline of the application procedure. Filling out forms as well as fees will be part of the application process and you should have access to a printer.

To complete this questionnaire, please visit

APPLY

immigrantapplicantCategories you may consider applying for include

  • Federal skilled workers
  • Skilled trades
  • Quebec-selected skilled workers
  • Canadian Experience Class
  • Investors, entrepreneurs and self-employed people
  • Provincial nominees
  • Sponsoring your family
  • Live-in caregivers
  • Refugees

Federal skilled workers (FSW)

People chosen as permanent residents based on ability to settle and work in Canada (outside of Quebec)

FSW are assessed based on English/French skills, education, work experience, and other factors.

To be eligible you must have

  • at least one year of continuous and paid (full-time or an equal amount in part-time) work  experience.
  • in a single occupation within the last 10 years,
  • at skill type 0, or skill levels A or B of the 2011 edition of the Canadian National Occupational Classification (NOC)
  • have this work experience in one of the eligible occupations, OR
  • have a valid offer of arranged employment, OR
  • are an international student who is enrolled in a PhD program in Canada (or who graduated from a Canadian PhD program within the past 12 months) and meet these criteria.

You must also meet the minimum requirements which include consider factors such as work experience, language ability, and education. Other selection factors include age, arranged employment in Canada, adaptability and proof of funds.

Crime, human rights violations, security, health, financial or other reasons can make you inadmissible to Canada.

For more information on applying to be a FWS, please visit

Skilled trades

For people who want to immigrate based on being qualified in a skilled trade (Federal Skilled Trades Program).

The Canadian government will accept no more than 3,000 applications for this program each year and only 100 applicants for certain jobs will be considered for processing.

To be eligible you must

  • plan to live outside the province of Quebec (the province of Quebec chooses its own skilled workers)
  • meet the required levels in English or French for each language ability (speaking, reading, writing, and listening),
  • have a minimum of two years full-time work experience (30 hours a week) or an equal amount of part-time work experience in a skilled trade within the five years before you apply
  • meet all job requirements for that skilled trade as set out in the National Occupational Classification (NOC)
  • have an offer of full-time employment from a maximum of 2 employers for a total period of at least one year or a certificate of qualification in that skilled trade issued by a provincial or territorial body

Candidates will have to go to the province or territory to be assessed. Please visit the website of the specific province you are planning to work for more information. You may need a certificate of qualification to work there in a specific skilled trade.

Alberta

British Columbia

Manitoba

New Brunswick

Newfoundland and Labrador

Northwest Territories

Nova Scotia

Nunavut

Ontario

Prince Edward Island

Quebec

Saskatchewan

Yukon

Crime, human rights violations, security, health, financial or other reasons can make you inadmissible to Canada.

For more information on applying for the Federal Skilled Trades program, please visit

Quebec-selected skilled workers

For people selected by the Quebec government to settle and work in Quebec. You must first apply to the Quebec government for a Certificat de selection du Quebec (CSQ).

You will be assessed according to Quebec’s own selection factors. To view application forms for this and various other categories, visit Quebec’s immigration website at

Canadian Experience Class

For people who have recent Canadian work experience or have graduated and recently worked in Canada

To be eligible you must

  • plan to live outside the province of Quebec
  • have minimum 1 year of full-time (or an equal amount in part-time) skilled work experience in Canada in the three years before you apply gained with proper authorization
  • meet the required language levels (speaking, reading, writing and listening) needed for your job and have results of language test from a designated agency

If you have a spouse in Canada who meets the above conditions one of you will apply under the CEC as a principal applicant. The person may also be a common-law partner is a person who has lived with you in a conjugal relationship for at least one year.

Crime, human rights violations, security, health, financial or other reasons can make you inadmissible to Canada.

For more information on applying under the CEC, please visit

Investors, entrepreneurs and self-employed people

This program is for people aiming to start a business in Canada

ATTN: CIC has temporarily stopped accepting applications underthe immigrant investor program and the federal entrepreneur program

Provincial nominees

One of Canada’s provinces or territories can nominate you to settle and work there. The province or territory must determine if you are able to economically establish yourself successfully as permanent residents in Canada.

You will need to apply to a specific province or territory participating in the PNP. After nomination by a province or territory, you must make a separate application to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) for permanent residence. Your application will then be assessed by a CIC officer. You must also pass a medical exam and obtain a police certificate.

Please visit a specific province/territory website for more information.

Alberta

British Columbia

Manitoba

New Brunswick

Newfoundland and Labrador

Northwest Territories

Nova Scotia

Ontario

Prince Edward Island

Saskatchewan

Yukon

Sponsoring your family

You may sponsor a family member to join you here if you are a permanent resident or a Canadian citizen. You can sponsor a relative under the Family Class if you are a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of Canada. This includes your spouse and dependent children.

You must be in a legitimate relationship with your spouse and live together for two years (from day permanent residence status in Canada is received) if

  • You are being sponsored by a permanent resident or Canadian citizen
  • You have been in a relationship for two years or less with your sponsor
  • You have no children in common
  • Your application was received on or after October 25, 2012

There are two different processes for sponsoring your family under the FC

  • Process for sponsoring your spouse, conjugal or common-law partner and/or dependent children.
  • Process is used to sponsor other eligible relatives

Live-in caregivers

Individuals qualified to provide care for children, elderly persons or persons with disabilities in private homes without supervision

You will need

  • A positive Labour Market Opinion (LMO) from an employer in Canada
  • A written contract signed by you and the employer
  • Education equivalent to Canadian secondary school
  • Minimum 6 months training/ one year of full-time paid work experience
  • Good command of English/French
  • A work permit (before you enter Canada)

Crime, human rights violations, security, health, financial or other reasons can make you inadmissible to Canada.

For more information on applying under the CEC, please visit

Refugees

People in or outside Canada who fear returning to their home country

Programs

  • Resettlement from outside Canada
  • Sponsor a refugee
  • Claim refugee protection from inside Canada

Resettlement from outside Canada

People in this program may be classified into 2 categories:

1) Convention Refugee Abroad Class

  • you are outside your home country
  • cannot return there due to a well-founded fear of persecution based on
  • race, religion, political opinion, nationality, or membership in a particular social group (such as women or people with a particular sexual orientation)
  • must be outside Canada, and want to come to Canada
  • referred by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) or another referral organization, or be sponsored by a private sponsorship group
  • selected as a government-assisted or privately sponsored refugee, or have the funds needed to support yourself and any dependents after you arrive in Canada.

2) Country of Asylum Class

  • You are outside your home country or the country where you normally live and have been, and continue to be, seriously and personally affected by civil war or armed conflict, or have suffered massive violations of human rights
  • you must be outside Canada and referred by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) or another referral organization or be sponsored by a private sponsorship group
  • you must also be privately sponsored, or have the funds needed to support yourself and any dependents after you arrive in Canada

You will have to pass a medical exam and security and criminal checks.

You are not eligible to resettle to Canada as a refugee from outside Canada if:

  • you have another secure offer for protection, such as an offer to be resettled in another country
  • you become a citizen of another country and have the protection of that country
  • you choose to return to live in the country you had left
  • the reasons for your fear of persecution no longer exist.

For more information, please visit

Sponsor a refugee

The Private Sponsorship of Refugees Program allows you to sponsor refugees to come to Canada. A sponsor must provide financial and emotional support for the refugee throughout the course of the sponsorship. Responsibilities include aid for housing, clothing and food. The term of a sponsorships can last for up to three years.

Refugees must qualify for entry as well as pass medical and security checks before they enter Canada.

For more information, please visit

Claim refugee protection from inside Canada

You may be able to see protection in Canada as a refugee if you face

  • torture
  • a risk to your life
  • a risk of cruel and unusual treatment or punishment

Your refugee claim may not be eligible for referral to the IRB if

  • You have been recognized as a Convention refugee by another country to which you can return;
  • You have already been granted protected person status in Canada;
  • You arrived via the Canada-United States border;
  • You are not admissible to Canada on security grounds, or because of criminal activity or human rights violations;
  • You made a previous refugee claim that was found to be ineligible for referral to the IRB;
  • You made a previous refugee claim that was rejected by the IRB; or
  • You abandoned or withdrew a previous refugee claim.

For more information, please visit

PREPARE

Before you move to Canada, you must first select a city and find a suitable place for you and your family to live. Make sure you are prepared to work and have financial security. Consider developing your communication skills in English and French and becoming acquainted with the country. You will also need to prepare and gather items you will need to bring with you, as well as secure the right documentation.

For more information, please visit

Immigrating to Canada: Applying by Province

List of Provinces

  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Manitoba
  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Northwest Territories
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Saskatchewan
  • Yukon
  • Quebec

Alberta

Different ways to immigrate to Alberta as a permanent resident:

1. Apply directly to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) under skilled workers, Canadian Experience Class or sponsoring your family

2. Apply through the Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (our overview on Canadian Immigration provides more information about this program).

Eligibility streams include employer driven, strategic recruitment and self-employed farmer

Applying for the AINP is a two-step process:

  • Apply to the AINP and be nominated
  • Apply to CIC as a Provincial Nominee (CIC makes the final decision on all permanent resident applications)

British Columbia

To establish permanent residency in British Columbia you must apply to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC).

This province offers the British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program which boots the process of permanent resident applications. Nominees must apply through the CIC.

This program accepts eligible applicants with strategic occupations or who are business entrepreneurs

Strategic Occupations include

  • skilled workers
  • recent international graduates from eligible Canadian post-secondary institutions
  • recent masters and doctorate graduates from a BC post-secondary institution in the natural, applied or health sciences (for this category only no job offer is required)
  • designated health professionals
  • entry-level or semi-skilled workers in select occupations

To be eligible you must

  • either have a job offer of indeterminate length from a BC employer or have completed a masters or doctorate degree at a BC post-secondary institution in either the natural, applied or health sciences
  • For applications where a job offer is required, the employer and the nominee applicant (potential employee) submit a joint application to the BC PNP.

Business entrepreneurs who are immigrants will fall into one of the following categories

  • Business Skills
  • Regional Business
  • Strategic Projects

Each category has its own requirements. For more information, please visit

Manitoba

Manitoba offers a free government service called the Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP) to eligible skilled immigrants and their family wishing to reside in the province.

Eligibility is based on

  • Employability: Job experience qualifying you to work and build a career in the Manitoba labour market
  • Education: Academic and/or vocational and professional training to meet current and evolving labour market demand
  • Language proficiency: Documented job-ready English language ability (Tests required by all applicants except those currently working in Manitoba in NOC 0, A or B.)
  • Connection to Manitoba: Ties to the Manitoba community through family or friends, or past education or employment experience, or an invitation to apply from the MPNP.
  • Adaptability: The genuine intention and ability, demonstrated with a Settlement Plan and developed through MPNP pre-arrival supports, to economically establish in the Province of Manitoba.

There are two steps to the application process

STEP 1: Qualified skilled workers with Connection to Manitoba submit application to the Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP).

STEP 2: Successful MPNP applicants are “nominated” by the Government of Manitoba; nomination enables you to make a separate application, with expedited processing, to the Government of Canada for permanent resident visas for you and your family.

Although there is no deadline to apply to the MPNP, program requirements may change. You application will be assessed according the the criteria on the province’s website at the time your application is received. The government of Manitoba has the sole authority to assess and nominate applicants. Please note this is not a sponsorship program. The MPNP is designed specifically for independent skilled workers based on economic immigration. Approval of your application means you have been nominated for Canadian permanent resident status. The Government of Canada will have the final decision in regards to issuing permanent resident visas. Acceptance into Canada is not a guarantee of employment.

New Brunswick

The New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP) nominates, qualified international business people and skilled workers to live in New Brunswick and contribute to the local economy.

You must meet eligibility requirements although this does not guarantee nomination.

The province provides guides for every category of applicants which include

Please visit to access these guides and a list of forms that will need to be completed with your application

Newfoundland and Labrador

The NLPNP is the immigration program for this province and has a simple application process. Applicants must select a category they fall under (Skilled Worker, International Graduate, Immigrant Entrepreneur) and then complete all required provincial and federal forms under this category. Applicants will need supporting documents (Birth Certificate, Diplomas, Passports etc). Upon completion of all forms the applicant will send the forms and documentation to the Office of Immigration and Multiculturalism.

Summary of Categories

  • Skilled Worker - Individuals who have a guaranteed offer of employment from a Newfoundland and Labrador employer, or are already working in the province on a valid Work Permit
  • International Graduate– Recent graduates who have a Post-Graduate Work Permit and a job or job offer from a Newfoundland and Labrador employer
  • Immigrant Entrepreneur- Individuals who wish to start a business or purchase an existing business in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Northwest Territories

The Northwest Territories Nominee Program is an immigration program operated by the territory’s government. Individuals who may qualified for this program include business owners and Self-Employed professionals. This program aims to help applicants obtain permanent residency in a shorter time than the regular process. Final authority rests with CIC.

To download the guidelines for this program, click

Nova Scotia

The Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP) is the first step in a two-step application process for a permanent resident visa to Canada. Immigrants selected intend to settle in the province, and have the skills, education, and work experience needed to make an immediate contribution to labour market and economic needs.

Step 1 - Apply to the NSNP after you have determined if you may qualify as Skilled Worker, Community Identified or Family Business Worker. You must complete all applications forms and provide supporting documentation. Submit this to the Nova Scotia Office of Immigration which will go under review for up to 3 months or more.

Step 2 - Apply to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) for a permanent resident visa within 6 months of receiving your nominee certificate. You, your spouse and dependents must meet medical, security and criminal admissibility requirements. You may be asked to complete an in-person interview. CIC makes the final decision as to whether or not you will be issued a permanent resident visa.

ATTN: The International Graduate stream of the Nova Scotia Nominee Program is closed. International graduates interested in acquiring permanent residence status in Canada are encouraged to apply through the federal Canada Experience Class.

Ontario

Opportunities Ontario is the name of Ontario’s employer-driven Provincial Nominee Program. It is designed to help employers nominate individuals who possess the critical skills and expertise for work permits and permanent residence in Canada. You may only apply after your employer is pre-screened, the position is approved, and your employer provides you with a nominee application package from Opportunities Ontario.

If you are interested in pursing this opportunity, please apply with CIC first.

Prince Edward Island

The Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP) is responsible for the majority of all immigrant entries to Prince Edward Island. Applicants will fall under one of two categories: Business or Labor Impact.

Applicants in the Business Impact category may choose:

1. 100% Ownership stream

The applicant must meet the program criteria, minimum net worth and investment thresholds and will be required to make a conditionally refundable deposit of $150,000 Canadian dollars (CAD) to be held in escrow. Of the $150,000 CAD deposit $25,000 CAD will be refunded after 6 months of residency on Prince Edward Island another $25,000 CAD will be refunded after 1 year of residency on Prince Edward Island and the remaining $100,000 CAD will be released upon the applicant meeting the requirements outlined in the escrow agreement.

2. Partial Ownership Stream

The applicant must meet the program criteria, minimum net worth and investment thresholds and will be required to make a conditionally refundable deposit of $150,000 CAD to be held in escrow. Upon applying, meeting the criteria of the program, signing the necessary agreements and making the $150,000 CAD refundable escrow deposit, the applicant will be granted nomination. Of the $150,000 CAD deposit $25,000 CAD will be refunded after 6 months of residency on Prince Edward Island another $25,000 CAD will be refunded after 1 year of residency on Prince Edward Island and the remaining $100,000 CAD will be released upon the applicant meeting the requirements outlined in the escrow agreement.

3. Work Permit Stream

The applicant must follow the step by step application process. If conditionally approved by the Office of Immigration, Settlement and Population, the applicant will apply to CIC for a temporary work permit to come to Prince Edward Island to start the process to invest in and operate the business in Prince Edward Island. At the time of work permit issuance, the applicant will sign the necessary agreements outlining what is required of them. Upon meeting the terms and conditions of a performance agreement, the applicant will be nominated by the Office of Immigration, Settlement and Population for permanent residency to Canada.

If nominated by the Office of Immigration, Settlement and Population, you must then apply for Canadian permanent resident status to CIC via the visa office/embassy. CIC has the final authority to issue a permanent resident visa. You will be required to pay immigration fees and meet the federal immigration statutory requirements.

Saskatchewan

The Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP) has implemented application intake thresholds to improve program efficiency. This program acts as an alternative tothe Canadian federal immigration program if you are planning to live in Saskatchewan as a permanent resident.

Most categories under this program require a job offer from a Saskatchewan employer verifying your qualifications.

The Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP) operates under an agreement with the federal government allows Saskatchewan to select applicants based on criteria established by the province. The criteria for this program are different from those of the federal immigration program.

There are eight categories for nomination:

Most of the categories require you to have a job offer from a Saskatchewan employer that is related to your education and work experience. See the Working section for more information.

Your application for immigration to Canada must be approved by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC). CIC completes health, criminality and security assessments and they have final authority in issuing your visa.

You may begin the application process online by visiting

Yukon

Please refer to the CIC immigration requirements if you are interested in becoming a permanent resident of the Yukon.

For more information, you may visit

Quebec

The government of Quebec has it’s own separate immigrant selection process. For people selected by the Quebec government to settle and work in Quebec. You must first apply to the Quebec government for a Certificat de selection du Quebec (CSQ).

You will be assessed according to Quebec’s own selection factors. To view application forms for this and various other categories, visit Quebec’s immigration websiteat

 
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